Undécimo Kaléndas Octóbris

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Undécimo Kaléndas Octóbris. Luna . The Twenty-First Day of September. The Night of the Moon.

In Æthiópia natális sancti Matthæi, Apóstoli et Evangelístæ; qui, in ea regióne prædicans, martyrium passus est. Hujus Evangélium, Hebræo sermóne conscríptum, ipso Matthæo revelánte, invéntum est, una cum córpore beáti Bárnabæ Apóstoli, témpore Zenónis Imperatóris. The birthday of St. Matthew, apostle and evangelist, who suffered martyrdom in Ethiopia while engaged in preaching. The Gospel written by him in Hebrew was found by his own revelation during the time of Emperor Zeno, together with the relics of the blessed apostle Barnabas.

In terra Saar sancti Jonæ Prophétæ, qui sepúltus est in Geth. In the land of the Saar, the holy prophet Jonas, who was buried in Geth.

In Æthiópia sanctæ Iphigéniæ Vírginis, quæ, baptizáta a beáto Matthæo Apóstolo et Deo dicáta, sancto fine quiévit. In Ethiopia, St. Iphigenia, virgin, who was baptized and consecrated to God by the blessed apostle Matthew, and who ended her holy life in peace.

Romæ sancti Pámphili Mártyris. At Rome, St Pamphilius, martyr.

Eódem die, via Cláudia, vigésimo ab Urbe milliário, pássio sancti Alexándri Epíscopi, qui, sub Antoníno Imperatóre, pro Christi fide, víncula fustes, equúleum, lámpades ardéntes, ungulárum laniatiónem, béstias ac fornácis superávit flammas, ac tandem, gládio cæsus, vitam adéptus est gloriósam. Ejus corpus póstea beátus Dámasus Papa in Urbem tránstulit sexto Kaléndas Decémbris. On the Claudian Way, twenty miles from Rome, in the time of Emperor Antoninus, the martyrdom of St. Alexander, bishop. For the faith of Christ he was loaded with fetters, scourged, tortured, burned with torches, torn with iron hooks, exposed to the beasts, and cast into the flames, but having overcome all these torments, he was finally beheaded, and thus attained the glory of eternal life. His body was afterwards carried into the city by blessed Pope Damasus on the 26th of November.

In Cypro sancti Isácii, Epíscopi et Mártyris. In Cyprus, St. Isacius, bishop and martyr.

In Phœnícia sancti Eusébii Mártyris, qui, cum ultro Præféctum adísset et se Christiánum esse denuntiásset, ab eo, multis torméntis afflíctus, cápite cæsus est. In Phoenicia, St. Eusebius, martyr, who of his own accord went to the prefect and declared himself a Christian. He was subjected by him to many torments, and finally beheaded.

In Cypro sancti Melétii Epíscopi et Confessóris. In Cyprus, St. Meletius, bishop and confessor.

Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
R.  Deo grátias.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
R.  Thanks be to God.

September XXI.
St. Matthew, Apostle and Evangelist
St. Maura, Virgin
St. Lo, or Laudus, Bishop of Coutances in Normandy

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Duodécimo Kaléndas Octóbris

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Duodécimo Kaléndas Octóbris. Luna . The Twentieth Day of September. The Night of the Moon.

Vigília sancti Matthæi, Apóstoli et Evangelístæ. The vigil of St. Matthew, apostle and evangelist.

Romæ pássio sanctórum Mártyrum Eustáchii et Theopístis uxóris, cum duóbus fíliis Agapíto et Theopísto, qui, sub Hadriáno Imperatóre, damnáti ad béstias, sed Dei ope ab iis nullátenus læsi, tandem, in bovem æneum candéntem inclúsi, martyrium consummárunt. At Rome, the holy martyrs Eustace, and Theopistes, his wife, with their two sons, Agapitus and Theopistus. Under Emperor Hadrian they were condemned to be cast to the beasts, but by the power of God they were uninjured by them, so they were shut up in a heated brazen ox, and thus completed their martyrdom.

Cyzici, in Propóntide, natális sanctórum Mártyrum Faustæ Vírginis, et Evilásii, sub Maximiáno Imperatóre; e quibus Fausta, ab eódem Evilásio, idolórum sacerdóte, decalváta et ad turpitúdinem rasa, suspénsa et torta est. Deínde, cum eam vellet médiam secáre, et carnífices lǽdere non valérent, stupens crédidit in Christum Evilásius; et, dum ipse quoque, Imperatóris jussu, fórtiter torquerétur, Fausta, cápite terebráta, clavis toto córpore confíxa et sartágine ignítæ impósita, tandem, cum eódem Evilásio, illam voce de cælis vocánte, transívit ad Dóminum. At Cyzicum, on the sea of Marmora, the birthday of the holy martyrs Evilasius and the virgin Fausta, in the time of Emperor Maximian. Fausta’s head was shaved to shame her, and she was hung up and tortured by Evilasius, then a pagan priest. But when he wished to have her body cut in two, the executioners could not inflict any injury upon her. Amazed at this prodigy, Evilasius believed in Christ and was cruelly tortured by order of the emperor; at the same time Fausta had her head bored through and her whole body pierced with nails. She was then laid on a heated gridiron, and being called by a celestial voice, went in company with Evilasius to enjoy the blessedness of heaven.

In Phrygia sanctórum Mártyrum Dionysii et Priváti. In Phrygia, the holy martyrs Denis and Privatus.

Item sancti Prisci Mártyris, qui, punctim pugiónibus transverberátus, cápite plexus est. Also St. Priscus, martyr, whose body was pierced throughout with daggers, after which he was beheaded.

Perge, in Pamphylia, sanctórum Theodóri, et Philíppæ matris, ac Sociórum Mártyrum, sub Antoníno Imperatóre. At Pergen in Pamphylia, the Saints Theodore, his mother Philippa, and their fellow martyrs, in the time of Emperor Antoninus.

Carthágine sanctæ Cándidæ, Vírginis et Mártyris; quæ, sub Maximiáno Imperatóre, plagis toto córpore dilaceráta, martyrio coronátur. At Carthage, under Emperor Maximian, St. Candida, virgin and martyr. After her body was lacerated by whips she was crowned with martyrdom.

Medioláni sancti Clicérii, Epíscopi et Confessóris. At Milan, St. Clicerius, bishop and confessor.

Romæ Translátio córporis sancti Agapíti Primi, Papæ et Confessóris, ex urbe Constantinópoli, in qua Póntifex décimo Kaléndas Maji obdormíerat in Dómino. At Rome, the translation of the body of St. Agapitus I, pope and confessor, from the city of Constantinople, in which he died on the 22nd of April.

Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
R.  Deo grátias.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
R.  Thanks be to God.

September XX.
St. Eustachius and Companions, Martyrs
St. Agapetus, Pope and Confessor

Open Doors – The world’s largest outreach to persecuted Christians in the most high-risk places.

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Tertiodécimo Kaléndas Octóbris

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Tertiodécimo Kaléndas Octóbris. Luna . The Nineteenth Day of September. The Night of the Moon.

Putéolis, in Campánia, sanctórum Mártyrum Januárii, Beneventánæ civitátis Epíscopi, ejúsque Diáconi Festi, et Desidérii Lectóris, Sósii, Diáconi Ecclésiæ Misenátis; Próculi, Diáconi Puteoláni; Eutychii et Acútii. Hi omnes, post víncula et cárceres, cápite cæsi sunt, sub Diocletiáno Príncipe. Corpus sancti Januárii delátum fuit Neápolim, atque honorífice in Ecclésia tumulátum; ubi étiam beatíssimi Mártyris sanguis in ampúlla vítrea adhuc servátur, qui, in conspéctu cápitis illíus pósitus, velut recens liquéscere et ebullíre conspícitur. At Pozzuoli in Campania, the holy martyrs Januarius, bishop of Benevento; Festus, his deacon, and Desiderius, a lector, together with Sosius, a deacon of the Church of Miseno; Proculus, deacon of Pozzuoli; Eutychius, and Acutius, who were bound and imprisoned and then beheaded during the reign of Diocletian. The body of St. Januarius was brought to Naples and buried in the church with due honours, where even now the blood of the blessed martyr is kept in a vial, and when placed close to his head is seen to become liquid and bubble up as if it were just taken from his veins.

In Palæstína sanctórum Mártyrum et Ægypti Episcopórum Pélei, Nili et Elíæ; qui, témpore persecutiónis Diocletiáni, cum plúrimis Cléricis, pro Christo sunt igne consúmpti. In Palestine, the holy martyrs Peleus, Nilus, and Elias, bishops in Egypt, with many others of the clergy, who were consumed by fire for the sake of Christ during the persecution of Diocletian.

Nucériæ natális sanctórum Mártyrum Felícis et Constántiæ, qui passi sunt sub Neróne. At Nocera, the birthday of the holy martyrs Felix and Constantia, who suffered under Nero.

Eódem die sanctórum Mártyrum Tróphimi, Sabbátii et Dorymedóntis, sub Probo Imperatóre. Ex eis Sabbátius Antiochíæ, jussu Attici Præsidis, támdiu flagris cæsus est, donec emítteret spíritum; Tróphimus vero, Synnadam, in Phrygia, ad Perénnium Præsidem missus, ibi, post multos cruciátus, cum Dorymedónte Senatóre, cápitis decollatióne martyrium consummávit. Also, the holy martyrs Trophimus, Sabbatius, and Dorymedon, senator, under Emperor Probus. By command of the governor Atticus at Antioch, Sabbatius was scourged until he expired. Trophimus was sent to the governor Perennius at Synnada, where he and the senator Dorymedon completed their martyrdom by being beheaded after enduring many torments.

Eleutherópoli, in Palæstína, sanctæ Susánnæ, Vírginis et Mártyris; quæ, orta ex idolórum sacerdóte Arthémio et Judæa mulíere Martha, ad Christiánam fidem, paréntibus mórtuis, est convérsa, atque ob eándem fidem ab Alexándro Præfécto várie torta et in cárcerem trusa, ibi orans migrávit ad Sponsum. At Eleutheropolis in Palestine, St. Susanna, virgin and martyr. She was the daughter of Arthemius, a pagan priest, and of Martha, a Jewish woman, and after the death of her parents she was converted to the Christian faith. For this she was tortured in various ways, and cast in prison by the prefect Alexander, and there gave up her spirit while at prayer.

Córdubæ, in Hispánia, sanctæ Pompósæ, Vírginis et Mártyris; quæ in persecutióne Arábica, ob impávidam Christi confessiónem decolláta gládio, palmam consecúta est. At Cordova in Spain, St. Pomposa, virgin and martyr. Because of her fearless witness to Christ she was beheaded in the Arab persecution, and thus obtained the palm of martyrdom.

Cantuáriæ sancti Theodóri Epíscopi, qui, a beáto Vitaliáno Papa in Angliam missus, doctrína et sanctitáte refúlsit. At Canterbury, the holy bishop Theodore, who was sent to England by Pope Vitalian, and who was renowned for learning and holiness.

Turónis, in Gállia, sancti Eustóchii Epíscopi, magnárum virtútum viri. At Tours in France, St. Eustochius, bishop, a man of great virtue.

In território Lingoniénsi sancti Sequáni, Presbyteri et Confessóris. In the diocese of Langres, St. Sequanus, priest and confessor.

Barcinóne, in Hispánia, beátæ Maríæ de Cervellióne, ex Ordine beátæ Maríæ de Mercéde redemptiónis captivórum, Vírginis; quæ, ob præséntem quam invocántibus confert opem, María de Subsídio vulgo nuncupátur. At Barcelona in Spain, blessed Mary Cervellon, virgin, of the Order of Our Lady of Ransom. She is commonly called Mary of Help on account of the prompt assistance she renders to those who invoke her.

In vico Druelle, in diœcési Ruthenénsi, in Gállia, sanctæ Maríæ Guliélmæ-Æmíliæ de Rodat, Vírginis, Congregatiónis Sorórum a sancta Família Fundatrícis, puéllis erudiéndis et egénis sublevándis addictíssimæ, quæ a Pio Duodécimo, Pontífice Máximo, inter sanctas Vírgines reláta est. In the village of Druelle, in the diocese of Rodez in France, St. Marie Guillemette Emilie de Rodat, virgin, and foundress of the Congregation of Sisters of the Holy Family, which was established to teach poor and orphaned girls. Pius XII added her name to the number of holy virgins.

Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
R.  Deo grátias.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
R.  Thanks be to God.

September XIX.
St. Januarius, Bishop of Benevento, and His Companions, Martyrs
St. Theodore, Archbishop of Canterbury, Confessor
SS. Peleus, Pa-Termuthes, and Companions, Martyrs
St. Lucy, Virgin
St. Eustochius, Bishop of Tours
St. Sequanus, or Seine, Abbot

Foundation for Relief and Reconciliation in the Middle East – providing humanitarian relief in Iraq through St George’s Church and Clinic.

Open Doors – The world’s largest outreach to persecuted Christians in the most high-risk places.

Voice of the Persecuted – Informing the world of Christian persecution, one of the worst humanitarian crises on the planet, today.

Quintodécimo Kaléndas Octóbris

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Quintodécimo Kaléndas Octóbris. Luna . The Seventeenth Day of September. The Night of the Moon.

In monte Alvérniæ, in Etrúria, commemorátio Impressiónis sacrórum Stígmatum, quibus sanctus Francíscus, Ordinis Minórum Institútor, in suis mánibus, pédibus et látere, mirábili Dei grátia, impréssus fuit. The commemoration of the Impression of the Sacred Stigmata which St. Francis, founder of the Order of Friars Minor, received through a wonderful favour of God in his hands, feet, and side, at Mount Alverina in Etruria.

Romæ natális sancti Robérti Bellarmíno, Confessóris, e Societáte Jesu, atque Cardinális et Capuáni olim Epíscopi, sanctitáte, doctrína, et plúrimis ad cathólicæ fídei et Apostólicæ Sedis defensiónem suscéptis labóribus claríssimi; quem Pius Undécimus, Póntifex Máximus, Sanctórum honóribus auxit et universális Ecclésiæ Doctórem declarávit, ejúsque festum tértio Idus Maji recoléndum indíxit. At Rome, the birthday of St. Robert Bellarmine of the Society of Jesus, confessor and cardinal, and also formerly bishop of Capua. He is noted for his holiness, learning, and the many great tasks he performed in defence of the Catholic faith and the Apostolic See. Pope Pius XI bestowed on him the honours of the saints, declared him to be a doctor of the universal Church, and appointed the 13th of May as his feast day.

Romæ, via Tiburtína, natális sancti Justíni, Presbyteri et Mártyris; qui, in persecutióne Valeriáni et Galliéni, ob confessiónis glóriam fuit insígnis. Hic beáti Pontíficis Xysti Secúndi, Lauréntii, Hippólyti aliorúmque plurimórum Sanctórum córpora sepelívit, ac demum, sub Cláudio, martyrium consummávit. At Rome, on the road to Tivoli, the birthday of St. Justin, priest and martyr, who distinguished himself by a glorious confession of the faith during the persecution of Valerian and Gallienus. He buried the bodies of the blessed Pontiff Sixtus II, of Lawrence, Hippolytus, and many other saints, and finally completed his martyrdom under Claudius.

Item Romæ sanctórum Mártyrum Narcíssi et Crescentiónis. Also at Rome, the holy martyrs Narcissus and Crescentio.

Apud Leódium, in Bélgio, beáti Lambérti, Epíscopi Trajecténsis, qui, cum régiam domum zelo religiónis increpásset, a nocéntibus ínnocens occísus est, sicque aulam regni cæléstis perpétuo victúrus intrávit. At Liege in Belgium, blessed Lambert, bishop of Maestricht. Through his zeal for religion he rebuked the royal family, and was undeservedly put to death by the guilty, and thus he entered the court of the heavenly kingdom, to enjoy it forever.

Cæsaraugústæ, in Hispánia, sancti Petri de Arbues, primi in Aragóniæ regno Quæsitóris fídei; quem, a relápsis Judæis ob eándem, quam pro múnere suo strénue tuebátur, cathólicam fidem, immániter trucidátum, sanctórum Mártyrum catálogo Pius Papa Nonus adjúnxit. At Saragossa in Spain, St. Peter of Arbues, first inquisitor of the faith in the kingdom of Aragon, who received the palm of martyrdom by being barbarously massacred by apostate Jews for courageously defending the Catholic faith, according to the duties of his office. He was added to the list of martyr saints by Pius IX.

In Británnia sanctórum Mártyrum Sócratis et Stéphani. In England, the holy martyrs Socrates and Stephen.

Noviodúni, in Gálliis, sanctórum Mártyrum Valeriáni, Macríni et Gordiáni. At Noyon in France, the holy martyrs Valerian, Macrinus, and Gordian.

Augustodúni sancti Flocélli púeri, qui, sub Antoníno Imperatóre et Valeriáno Præside, multa passus, demum, a feris discérptus, martyrii corónam adéptus est. At Autun, under Emperor Antoninus and the governor Valerian, St. Flocellus, a boy, who, after many sufferings, was torn to pieces by wild beasts, and thus won the crown of martyrs.

Córdubæ, in Hispánia, sanctæ Colúmbæ, Vírginis et Mártyris. At Cordova in Spain, St. Columba, virgin and martyr.

In Phrygia sanctæ Ariádne Mártyris, sub Hadriáno Imperatóre. In Phrygia, St. Ariadne, martyr, under Emperor Hadrian.

Eódem die sanctæ Agathoclíæ, quæ, cum esset ancílla cujúsdam mulíeris infidélis, a dómina sua longo témpore verbéribus aliísque ærúmnis est vexáta ut Christum negáret; demum, obláta Júdici ac sævius laniáta, et nihilóminus in confessióne fídei persístens, ídeo, post excisiónem linguæ, in ignem projécta est. On the same day, St. Agathoclia, servant of an infidel woman, who was for a long time subjected by her to blows and other afflictions that she might deny Christ. She was finally presented to the judge and cruelly lacerated, but since she persisted in confessing the faith, they cut off her tongue and threw her into the flames.

Medioláni deposítio sancti Sátyri Confessóris, cujus insígnia mérita sanctus Ambrósius, ejus frater, commémorat. At Milan, the death of St. Satyrus, confessor, whose distinguished merits are mentioned by his brother, St. Ambrose.

Apud Bíngiam, in diœcési Moguntinénsi, sanctæ Hildegárdis Vírginis. At Bingen, in the diocese of Mainz, St. Hildegard, virgin.

Romæ sanctæ Theodóræ matrónæ, quæ, in persecutióne Diocletiáni, sanctis Martyribus sédulo ministrábat. At Rome, St. Theodora, a matron who zealously ministered to the martyrs in the persecution of Diocletian.

Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
R.  Deo grátias.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
R.  Thanks be to God.

September XVII.
St. Lambert, Bishop and Martyr
St. Columba, Virgin and Martyr
St. Hildegardis, Virgin and Abbess
St. Rouin, Abbot
SS. Socrates and Stephen, Martyrs

Foundation for Relief and Reconciliation in the Middle East – providing humanitarian relief in Iraq through St George’s Church and Clinic.

Open Doors – The world’s largest outreach to persecuted Christians in the most high-risk places.

Voice of the Persecuted – Informing the world of Christian persecution, one of the worst humanitarian crises on the planet, today.

Quartodécimo Kaléndas Octóbris

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Quartodécimo Kaléndas Octóbris. Luna . The Eighteenth Day of September. The Night of the Moon.

Auximi, in Picéno, sancti Joséphi a Cupertíno, Sacerdótis ex Ordine Minórum Conventuálium et Confessóris; quem Clemens Papa Décimus tértius in Sanctórum númerum rétulit. At Osimo in Piceno, St. Joseph of Cupertino, priest and confessor of the Order of Friars Minor Conventual, who was placed among the saints by Clement XIII.

In Chálcide Græciæ natális sancti Methódii, qui prius Olympii, in Lycia, et póstea Tyri, in Phœnícia, éxstitit Epíscopus, sermónis nitóre ac doctrína claríssimus; atque, ad extrémum novíssimæ persecutiónis (ut scribit sanctus Hierónymus), martyrio coronátus est. In Chalcis of Greece, the birthday of St. Methodius, bishop of Olympius in Lycia and afterwards of Tyre in Phoenicia, most renowned for eloquence and learning. St. Jerome says that he won the martyr’s crown at the end of the last persecution.

In território Viennénsi sancti Ferréoli Mártyris, qui, cum esset tribuníciæ potestátis, jussu impiíssimi Præsidis Crispíni tentus, et primo crudelíssime verberátus, deínde, gravi catenárum póndere onústus, in tetérrimum cárcerem trusus est; unde, solútis Dei nutu vínculis et jánuis cárceris patefáctis, éxiens, ab insequéntibus íterum est captus, ac martyrii palmam obtruncatióne cápitis percépit. In the diocese of Vienne, the holy martyr Ferreol, a tribune, who was arrested by order of the impious governor Crispinus, most cruelly scourged, loaded with heavy chains, and cast into a dark dungeon. A miracle broke his bonds and opened the doors of the prison, from which he made his escape, but he was taken again by his pursuers and received the palm of martyrdom by being beheaded.

Item sanctárum Mártyrum Sophíæ et Irénes. Also, the Saints Sophia and Irene, martyrs.

Medioláni sancti Eustórgii Primi, ejúsdem civitátis Epíscopi, beáti Ambrósii testimónio célebris. At Milan, St. Eustorgius, first bishop of that city, highly praised by blessed Ambrose.

Gortynæ, in Creta, sancti Euménii, Epíscopi et Confessóris. At Gortyna in Crete, St. Eumenius, bishop and confessor.

Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
R.  Deo grátias.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
R.  Thanks be to God.

September XVIII.
St. Thomas of Villanova, Archbishop of Valentia, Confessor
St. Methodius, Bishop and Martyr
St. Ferreol, Martyr
St. Joseph of Cupertino, Confessor

Open Doors – The world’s largest outreach to persecuted Christians in the most high-risk places.

Foundation for Relief and Reconciliation in the Middle East – providing humanitarian relief in Iraq through St George’s Church and Clinic.

Voice of the Persecuted – Informing the world of Christian persecution, one of the worst humanitarian crises on the planet, today.

Sextodécimo Kaléndas Octóbris

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Sextodécimo Kaléndas Octóbris. Luna . The Sixteenth Day of September. The Night of the Moon.

Sanctórum Mártyrum Cornélii Papæ, et Cypriáni, Carthaginénsis Epíscopi, quorum memória décimo octávo Kaléndas Octóbris recólitur. The holy martyrs Cornelius, pope, and Cyprian, bishop of Carthage, who were mentioned on the14th of September.

Chalcédone natális sanctæ Euphémiæ, Vírginis et Mártyris; quæ, sub Diocletiáno Imperatóre et Prisco Procónsule, torménta, cárceres, vérbera, arguménta rotárum, ignes, póndera lápidum, béstias, plagas virgárum, serras acútas, sartágines ignítas pro Christo superávit. Sed, rursus in theátrum ad béstias ducta, ibi, cum orásset ad Dóminum ut jam spíritum suum suscíperet, una ex iis morsum sancto córpori infigénte, céteris pedes ejus lambéntibus, immaculátum spíritum Deo réddidit. At Chalcedon, the birthday of St. Euphemia, virgin and martyr, under Emperor Diocletian and the proconsul Priscus. For her faith in our Lord she was subjected to tortures, imprisonment, blows, the torment of the wheel, fire, the crushing weight of stones, the teeth of the beasts, scourging with rods, the cutting of sharp saws, and burning pans, all of which she survived. But when she was again exposed to the beasts in the amphitheatre, praying to our Lord to receive her spirit, one of the animals inflicted a bite on her holy body although the rest of them licked her feet, and she yielded her unspotted soul unto God.

Romæ sanctórum Mártyrum Lúciæ, nóbilis matrónæ, et Geminiáni; quos ambos Diocletiánus Imperátor, pœnis gravíssimis afflíctos diúque tortos, tandem, post laudábilem martyrii victóriam, gládio animadvérti præcépit. At Rome, the holy martyrs Lucy, a noble matron, and Geminian, who were subjected to grievous afflictions and were for a long time tortured by the command of Emperor Diocletian. Finally, being put to the sword, they obtained the glorious victory of martyrdom.

Natális sancti Martíni Primi, Papæ et Mártyris, qui, cum Sérgium ac Paulum et Pyrrhum hæréticos, Romæ coácta Synodo, condemnásset, ídeo, jussu Constántis, Imperatóris hærétici, per fraudem captus et Constantinópolim perdúctus, in Chersonésum relegátus est, ibíque, ob cathólicam fidem ærúmnis conféctus, vitam finívit, multísque miráculis cláruit. Ejus corpus, póstea Romam translátum, in Ecclésia sanctórum Silvéstri et Martíni cónditum fuit. Ipsíus tamen festívitas prídie Idus Novémbris celebrátur. The birthday of St. Martin I, pope and martyr. He had called together a council at Rome and condemned the heretics Sergius, Paul and Pyrrhus. By order of the heretical Emperor Constantius he was taken prisoner through a deceit, brought to Constantinople, and exiled to the Chersonese. There he ended his life, worn out with his labours for the Catholic faith and favoured with many virtues. His body was afterwards brought to Rome and buried in the church of Saints Sylvester and Martin. His feast, however, is observed on the 12th of November.

Romæ item natális sanctæ Cæcíliæ, Vírginis et Mártyris, quæ sponsum suum Valeriánum et fratrem ejus Tibúrtium ad credéndem in Christum perdúxit, et ad martyrium incitávit. Hanc Almáchius, Urbis Præféctus, post eórum martyrium tenéri, atque illústri passióne post ignem superátum, fecit gládio consummári, témpore Marci Aurélii Sevéri Alexándri Imperatóris. Ejus vero festum recólitur décimo Kaléndas Decémbris. Also at Rome, the birthday of St. Cecilia, virgin and martyr. She brought her husband brother Tiburtius to the faith of Christ and afterwards encouraged them on to martyrdom. Almachius, prefect of the city, after their martyrdom, had her arrested and slain by the sword, after she had endured many trials and had passed through fire unhurt. This was in the reign of Emperor Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander. Her feast is celebrated on the 22nd of November.

Heracléæ, in Thrácia, sanctæ Sebastiánæ Mártyris, quæ a beáto Paulo Apóstolo ad Christi fidem est perdúcta; atque, sub Domitiáno Imperatóre et Sérgio Præside, váriis modis tentáta, gládio tandem cæsa est. At Heraclea in Thrace, under Emperor Domitian and the governor Sergius, St. Sebastiana, martyr. Being brought to the faith of Christ by the blessed apostle Paul, she was tormented in various ways and finally beheaded.

Romæ, via Flamínia, sanctórum Mártyrum Abúndii Presbyteri, et Abundántii Diáconi, quos Diocletiánus Imperátor, una cum illústri viro Marciáno et ejus fílio Joánne, quem illi a mórtuis suscitáverant, gládio feríri jussit, décimo ab Urbe lápide. At Rome, at a place on the Flaminian Way ten miles from the city, the holy martyrs Abundius, a priest, and Abundantius, a deacon, whom Emperor Diocletian ordered to be struck with the sword, together with Marcian, an illustrious man, and his son John, whom they raised from the dead.

Córdubæ, in Hispánia, sanctórum Mártyrum Rogélli et Servidéi, qui, mánibus pedibúsque abscíssis, ad últimum decolláti sunt. At Cordova in Spain, the holy martyrs Rogellus and Servusdeus, who were beheaded after their hands and feet had been cut off.

Apud Cándidam Casam, in Scótia, sancti Niniáni, Epíscopi et Confessóris. At Whithorn in Scotland, St. Ninian, bishop and confessor.

In Anglia sanctæ Edíthæ Vírginis, Regis Anglórum Edgári fíliæ, quæ, in monastério a téneris annis Deo dicáta, sæculum hoc ignorávit pótius quam relíquit. In England, St. Edith, virgin, daughter of the English King Edgar. She was consecrated to God in a monastery from her earliest years, and it may be said rather that she never knew the world than that she forsook it.

In monte Cassíno beáti Victóris Papæ Tértii, qui, sancti Gregórii Séptimi succéssor, Apostólicam Sedem novo splendóre illustrávit, insígnem de Saracénis triúmphum divína ope consecútus. Cultum, ab immemorábili témpore eídem exhíbitum, Leo Décimus tértius, Póntifex Máximus, ratum hábuit et confirmávit. At Monte Cassino, the blessed Pope Victor III, successor of Pope St. Gregory VII, who shed a fresh lustre on the Apostolic See, and by God’s help gained a famous victory over the Saracens. Pope Leo XIII approved and confirmed the veneration given him from time immemorial.

Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
R.  Deo grátias.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
R.  Thanks be to God.

September XVI.
St. Cornelius, Pope and Martyr
St. Cyprian, Archbishop of Carthage, Martyr
St. Euphemia, Virgin and Martyr
SS. Lucia and Geminianus, Martyrs under Dioclesian
St. Ninian, or Ninyas, Bishop and Confessor
St. Editha, or Eadgith, Virgin

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Décimo séptimo Kaléndas Octóbris

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Décimo séptimo Kaléndas Octóbris. Luna . The Fifteenth Day of September. The Night of the Moon.

Octáva Nativitátis beátæ Maríæ Vírginis. The Octave of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Festum Septem Dolórum ejúsdem beatíssimæ Vírginis Maríæ. The feast of the Seven Sorrows of the same most Blessed Virgin Mary.

Romæ, via Nomentána, natális beáti Nicomédis, Presbyteri et Mártyris, qui, cum díceret compelléntibus se sacrificáre: « Ego non sacrífico nisi Deo omnipoténti, qui regnat in cælis », plumbátis diutíssime cæsus est, atque in eo torménto migrávit ad Dóminum. At Rome, on the Via Nomentana, the birthday of blessed Nicomedes, priest and martyr. Because he said to those who would compel him to sacrifice: “I offer sacrifice only to the omnipotent God who reigneth in heaven,” he was for a long time scourged with leaded whips, and thus passed to the Lord.

Córdubæ, in Hispánia, sanctórum Mártyrum Emilæ Diáconi, et Jeremíæ, qui, in persecutióne Arábica, post longam cárceris maceratiónem, demum, cervícibus pro Christo abscíssis, martyrium complevérunt. At Cordova in Spain, the holy martyrs Emilas, deacon, and Jeremias, who ended their martyrdom in the persecution of the Arabs by being beheaded after a long stay in prison.

In território Cabillonénsi sancti Valeriáni Mártyris, quem Priscus Præses, suspénsum et gravi ungulárum laceratióne cruciátum, tandem, cum in Christi confessióne vidéret immóbilem ac læto ánimo in ejus láudibus permanéntem, gládio animadvérti præcépit. In the diocese of Châlons, St. Valerian, martyr, who was suspended on high by the governor Priscus, and tortured with iron hooks. Remaining immovable in the confession of Christ, and continuing joyfully to praise him, he was struck with the sword by order of the same magistrate.

Hadrianópoli, in Thrácia, sanctórum Mártyrum Máximi, Theodóri et Asclepiódoti; qui sub Maximiáno Imperatóre coronáti sunt. At Adrianople in Thrace, the holy martyrs Maximus, Theodore, and Asclepiodotus, who were crowned under Emperor Maximian.

Item sancti Porphyrii mimi, qui, coram Juliáno Apóstata, per jocum suscípiens baptísmum, Dei virtúte derepénte mutátur, et Christiánum se esse profitétur; ac mox, ipsíus Imperatóris mandáto secúri percússus, martyrio coronátur. Also, St. Porphyrios the Mime, who was baptized in jest in the presence of Julian the Apostate, but was suddenly converted by the power of God and declared himself a Christian. By order of the emperor he was thereupon struck with an axe, and thus crowned with martyrdom.

Eódem die sancti Nicétæ Gothi, qui ab Athanaríco Rege, ob cathólicam fidem, jussus est igne combúri. On the same day, St. Nicetas, a Goth, who was burned alive for the Catholic faith by order of King Athanaric.

Marcianópoli, in Thrácia, sanctæ Melitínæ Mártyris, quæ, sub Antoníno Imperatóre et Antíocho Præside, cum ad Gentílium fana semel et íterum ducta esset, atque idóla semper corrúerent, ídeo suspénsa et laniáta est, ac demum cápite plexa. At Marcianapolis in Thrace, St. Melitina, a martyr, in the time of Emperor Antoninus and the governor Antiochus. She was twice led to the temples of the heathens, and since the idols fell to the ground each time, she was hanged and torn, and finally beheaded.

Tulli, in Gállia, sancti Apri Epíscopi. At Toul in France, St. Aper, bishop.

Item sancti Leobíni, Epíscopi Carnuténsis. Also, St. Leobinus, bishop of Chartres.

Lugdúni, in Gállia, sancti Albíni Epíscopi. At Lyons in France, St. Albinus, bishop.

Eódem die deposítio sancti Aichárdi Abbátis. On the same day, the death of St. Aichard, abbot.

In Gállia sanctæ Eutrópiæ Víduæ. In France, St. Eutropia, widow.

Génuæ sanctæ Catharínæ Víduæ, contémptu mundi et caritáte in Deum insígnis. In Genoa, St. Catherine, a widow, renowned for her contempt of the world and her love of God.

Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
R.  Deo grátias.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
R.  Thanks be to God.

September XV.
St. Nicetas, Martyr
St. Nicomedes, Martyr
St. John the Dwarf, Anchoret of Sceté
St. Aicard, or Achart, Abbot and Confessor
St. Aper, or Evre, Bishop and Confessor

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Décimo octávo Kaléndas Octóbris

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Décimo octávo Kaléndas Octóbris. Luna . The Fourteenth Day of September. The Night of the Moon.

Exaltátio sanctæ Crucis, quando Heráclius Imperátor, Chósroa Rege devícto, eam de Pérside Hierosólymam reportávit. The Exaltation of the Holy Cross, when Emperor Heraclius, after defeating King Chosroes, brought it back to Jerusalem from Persia.

Romæ, via Appia, beáti Cornélii, Papæ et Mártyris; qui, in persecutióne Décii, post exsílii relegatiónem, jussus est plumbátis cædi, et sic, cum áliis vigínti et uno promíscui sexus, decollári. Sed et Cæreális, miles cum Sallústia uxóre, quos idem Cornélius in fide instrúxerat, eódem die sunt cápite plexi. At Rome, on the Appian Way, during the persecution of Decius, blessed Cornelius, pope and martyr. After being banished, he was scourged with leaded whips and then beheaded with twenty-one others of both sexes. On the same day were condemned to capital punishment Caerealis, a soldier, and his wife Sallustia, who had been instructed in the faith by the same Cornelius.

In Africa pássio sancti Cypriáni, Epíscopi Carthaginénsis, sanctitáte et doctrína claríssimi; qui, sub Valeriáno et Galliéno Princípibus, post durum exsílium, cápitis detruncatióne martyrium consummávit, sexto milliário a Carthágine, juxta mare. Eorúndem vero sanctórum Cornélii et Cypriáni memória sextodécimo Kaléndas Octóbris festíve celebrátur. In Africa, in the time of Emperors Valerian and Gallienus, St. Cyprian, bishop of Carthage, most renowned for holiness and learning. It was near the seashore, six miles from the city, that he completed his martyrdom by beheading, after enduring a most painful exile. The feast of the Saints Cornelius and Cyprian is kept on the 16th of this month.

Apud Cománam, in Ponto, natális sancti Joánnis, Epíscopi Constantinopolitáni, Confessóris et Ecclésiæ Doctóris, propter áureum eloquéntiæ flumen cognoménto Chrysóstomi; qui, ab inimicórum factióne in exsílium ejéctus, et, cum e sancti Innocéntii Primi, Summi Pontíficis, decréto inde revocarétur, in itínere, a custodiéntibus milítibus multa mala perpéssus, ánimam Deo réddidit. Ejus autem festívitas sexto Kaléndas Februárii celebrátur, quo die sacrum ipsíus corpus a Theodósio junióre Constantinópolim fuit translátum. Hunc vero præclaríssimum divíni verbi præcónem Pius Papa Décimus cæléstem Oratórum sacrórum Patrónum declarávit atque constítuit. At Comana in Pontus, the birthday of St. John, bishop of Constantinople, confessor and doctor of the Church, surnamed Chrysostom because of his golden eloquence. He was cast into exile by a faction of his enemies, but was recalled by a decree of Pope Innocent I. However, he suffered many evils on the journey at the hands of the soldiers who guarded him, and he rendered up his soul unto God. His feast is kept on the 27th of January, on which day his holy body was translated to Constantinople by Theodosius the Younger. Pope Pius X declared and appointed this glorious preacher of the divine Word as heavenly patron of those preaching of holy things.

Tréviris sancti Matérni Epíscopi, qui fuit discípulus beáti Petri Apóstoli; ac Tungrénses Coloniénses et Trevirénses, aliósque finítimos pópulos ad Christi fidem perdúxit. At Treves, the holy bishop Maternus, a disciple of the blessed apostle Peter, who brought to the faith of Christ the inhabitants of Tongres, Cologne, Treves, and of the neighbouring country.

Romæ sancti Crescéntii púeri, qui sancti Euthymii fílius éxstitit; atque, in persecutióne Diocletiáni, sub Turpílio Júdice, via Salária, gládio percússus, occúbuit. On the Salarian Way at Rome, during the persecution of Diocletian, St. Crescentius, the young son of St. Euthymius, whose life was ended by the sword, under the judge Turpilius.

In Africa pássio sanctórum Mártyrum Crescentiáni, Victóris, Rósulæ et Generális. In Africa, the passion of the holy martyrs Crescentian, Victor, Rosula, and Generalis.

Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
R.  Deo grátias.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
R.  Thanks be to God.

September XIV.
The Exaltation of the Holy Cross
St. Catherine of Genoa, Widow
St. Cormac, Bishop of Cashel and King of Munster in Ireland

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Idibus Septémbris. Luna.

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Idibus Septémbris. Luna . The Thirteenth Day of September. The Night of the Moon.

Alexandríæ natális beáti Philíppi, patris sanctæ Eugéniæ Vírginis.  Hic, dignitátem Præfectúræ Ægypti déserens, Baptísmatis grátiam assecútus est; quem, in oratióne constitútum, jussit Teréntius Præféctus, ejus succéssor, gládio jugulári.
At Alexandria, the birthday of blessed Philip, father of the virgin St. Eugenia.  Resigning the dignity of prefect of Egypt, he received the grace of baptism.  His successor, the prefect Terentius, had him pierced through the throat with a sword while he was praying.
Item sanctórum Mártyrum Macróbii et Juliáni, qui sub Licínio passi sunt.
Also, the holy martyrs Macrobius and Julian, who suffered under Licinius.
Eódem die sancti Ligórii Mártyris, qui a Gentílibus, in erémo degens, ob Christi fidem necátus est.
On the same day, St. Ligorius, martyr.  While living in the desert, he was murdered by heathens for the faith of Christ.

Alexandríæ sancti Eulógii Epíscopi, doctrína et sanctitáte célebris.
At Alexandria, St. Eulogius, a bishop celebrated for learning and sanctity.

Andégavi, in Gállia, sancti Maurílii Epíscopi, qui innúmeris miráculis cláruit.
At Angers in France, St. Maurilius, a bishop renowned for numberless miracles.

Apud Sénonas sancti Amáti, Epíscopi et Confessóris.
At Sens, St. Amatus, bishop and confessor.

In monastério Romárico, in Gállia, sancti Amáti, Presbyteri et Abbátis, abstinéntia et miraculórum dono illústris.
In the monastery of Remiremont in France, St. Amatus, priest and abbot, illustrious for the virtue of abstinence and the gift of miracles.

Ipso die sancti Venérii Confessóris, admirándæ sanctitátis viri, qui in ínsula Palmária vitam eremíticam duxit.
The same day, St. Venerius, confessor, a man of admirable sanctity who led the life of a hermit on the island of Palmaria.

Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
R.  Deo grátias.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
R.  Thanks be to God.

September XIII.
St. Eulogius, Patriarch of Alexandria, Confessor
St. Amatus, Bishop and Confessor
St. Amatus, or Amé, Abbot and Confessor
St. Maurilius, Bishop of Angers, Confessor

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Prídie Idus Septémbris. Luna.

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Prídie Idus Septémbris. Luna . The Twelfth Day of September. The Night of the Moon.

Festum sanctíssimi Nóminis beátæ Maríæ, quod Innocéntius Undécimus, Póntifex Máximus, ob insígnem victóriam de Turcis, ipsíus Vírginis præsídio, Vindobónæ in Austria reportátam, celebrári jussit.
The feast of the most holy Name of the Blessed Virgin Mary, celebrated by order of the Sovereign Pontiff, Innocent XI, on account of the signal victory gained over the Turks at Vienna in Austria through her protection.

In Bithynia sancti Autónomi, Epíscopi et Mártyris; qui ex Itália, Diocletiáni Imperatóris persecutiónem declínans, illuc proféctus, ibi, cum plúrimos convertísset ad fidem, a furéntibus Gentílibus, dum sacra Mystéria perágeret, ad altáre mactátus est, et hóstia Christi efféctus.
In Bithynia, St. Autonomus, bishop and martyr, who went to that country from Italy to avoid the persecution of Diocletian.  After he had converted many to the faith, he was killed at the altar by the furious heathen while celebrating the sacred mysteries, and thus he became a victim for Christ.

Icónii, in Lycaónia, sancti Curónoti Epíscopi, qui sub Perénnio Præside, cápite truncátus, martyrii palmam accépit.
At Iconium in Lycaonia, the holy bishop Curonotus, who received the crown of martyrdom by being beheaded under the governor Perennius.

Alexandríæ natális sanctórum Mártyrum Hierónidis, Leóntii, Serapiónis, Selésii, Valeriáni et Stratónis, qui, sub Maximíno Imperatóre, ob confessiónem nóminis Christi, in mare sunt demérsi.
At Alexandria, in the time of Emperor Maximinus, the birthday of the holy martyrs Hieronides, Leontius, Serapion, Selesius, Valerian, and Strato, who were drowned in the sea for the confession of the name of Christ.

Meri, in Phrygia, pássio sanctórum Mártyrum Macedónii, Theodúli et Tatiáni, qui, sub Juliáno Apóstata, ab Almáchio Præside, post ália torménta, super crates férreas ignítas pósiti, exsultántes martyrium complevérunt.
At Merum in Phrygia, the holy martyrs Macedonius, Theodulus, and Tatian, under Julian the Apostate.  After other torments, they joyfully completed their martyrdom by being laid on burning gridirons by order of the governor Almachius.

Apud Papíam sancti Juvéntii Epíscopi, de quo ágitur sexto Idus Februárii.  Ipse, a beáto Hermágora, discípulo sancti Marci Evangelístæ, ad eam urbem, una cum sancto Syro, cujus memória recólitur quinto Idus Decémbris, diréctus est; et ambo, prædicántes illic Christi Evangélium et magnis virtútibus ac miráculis coruscántes, étiam vicínas urbes divínis opéribus illustrárunt, sicque in pontificáli honóre, glorióso fine, quievérunt in pace.
At Pavia, St. Juventius, bishop, mentioned on the 8th of February.  The blessed Hermagoras, disciple of the evangelist St. Mark, sent him to that city along with St. Cyrus, who is mentioned on the 9th of December.  They both preached the Gospel of Christ there, and being renowned for great virtues and miracles, enlightened the neighbouring cities by divine works.  They closed their glorious careers in peace, invested with the episcopal office.

Lugdúni, in Gállia, deposítio sancti Sacerdótis Epíscopi.
At Lyons in France, the death of St. Sacerdos, bishop.

Verónæ sancti Silvíni Epíscopi.
At Verona, St. Silvinus, bishop.

Anderláci, prope Bruxéllas, in Brabántia, sancti Guidónis Confessóris.
At Anderlecht, near Brussels in Belgium, St. Guy, confessor.

Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
R.  Deo grátias.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
R.  Thanks be to God.

September XII.
St. Eanswide, Virgin and Abbess
St. Guy, Confessor
St. Albeus, Bishop and Confessor in Ireland

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