Sexto Idus Novémbris. Luna. The Eighth Day of November. The Night of the Moon.
Octáva ómnium Sanctórum. The Octave of All Saints.
Romæ, via Lavicána, tértio ab Urbe milliário, pássio sanctórum Mártyrum Cláudii, Nicóstrati, Symphoriáni, Castórii et Simplícii, qui, primo in cárcerem missi, deínde scorpiónibus gravíssime cæsi, tandem, cum ex fide Christi dimovéri non possent, a Diocletiáno jussi sunt in flúvium præcípites dari. At Rome, on the Lavican Way, three miles from the city, the martyrdom of the Saints Claudius, Nicostratus, Symphorian, Castorius, and Simplicius. They were first sent to prison, then scourged with whips set with metal, but since they could not be made to forsake the faith of Christ, Diocletian ordered them to be thrown into the river.
Ibídem, via Lavicána, natális sanctórum Quátuor Coronatórum fratrum, id est Sevéri, Severiáni, Carpóphori et Victoríni; qui, sub eódem Imperatóre, íctibus plumbatárum usque ad mortem cæsi sunt. Horum autem nómina, quæ póstea, interjéctis annis, Dómino revelánte, osténsa sunt, cum mínime reperíri tunc potuíssent, statútum fuit ut anniversária dies ipsórum, una cum illis quinque, sub nómine sanctórum Quátuor Coronatórum recolerétur; qui mos, étiam postquam reveláta sunt, in Ecclésia perseverávit. Also, on the Lavican Way, the birthday of the saintly brothers, Severus, Severian, Carpophorus, and Victorinus, called the Four Crowned, who were scourged to death with leaded whips, during the reign of the same emperor. Because their names, known some years afterwards by revelation, could not then be ascertained, it was ordered that their anniversary should be commemorated with the preceding five, under the name of the Four Saints Crowned. This custom was retained by the Church, even after their names had been revealed.
Item Romæ sancti Deúsdedit Papæ Primi, qui tanti mériti fuit, ut leprósum ósculo a lepra sanáverit. Also at Rome, St. Deusdedit, pope, whose merit was so great that he cured a leper by kissing him.
In vico Blexen, ad Visúrgim flúvium, in Germánia, sancti Willehádi, qui primus éxstitit Breménsis civitátis Epíscopus; atque, una cum sancto Bonifátio, cujus discípulus fuit, in Frísia et Saxónia Evangélium propagávit. In the village of Plexem, on the Weser River in Germany, St. Willehad, first bishop of Bremen, who, together with St. Boniface, whose disciple he was, spread the Gospel in Friesland Saxony.
Suessíone, in Gálliis, sancti Godefrídi, Ambianénsis Epíscopi, magnæ sanctitátis viri. At Soissons in France, St. Godfrey, bishop of Amiens, a man of great sanctity.
Apud Virodúnum, in Gállia, sancti Mauri, Epíscopi et Confessóris. At Verdun in France, St. Maur, bishop and confessor.
Turónis, in Gállia, sancti Clári Presbyteri, cujus sanctus Paulínus epitáphium scripsit. At Tours in France, St. Clarus, a priest whose epitaph was written by St. Paulinus.
Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
R. Deo grátias.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
R. Thanks be to God.
|The Four Crowned Brothers, Martyrs|
|St. Willehad, Bishop of Bremen, Confessor|
|St. Godfrey, Bishop of Amiens, Confessor|
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