Undécimo Kaléndas Decémbris. Luna. The Twenty-First Day of November. The Night of the Moon.
Hierosólymis Præsentátio beátæ Dei Genitrícis Vírginis Maríæ in Templo. In the temple at Jerusalem, the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of God.
Eódem die natális beáti Rufi, de quo sanctus Paulus Apóstolus ad Romános scribit. Also, the birthday of blessed Rufus, mentioned by the apostle St. Paul in his Epistle to the Romans.
Romæ pássio sanctórum Celsi et Cleméntis. At Rome, the martyrdom of the Saints Celsus and Clement.
Rhemis, in Gállia, sancti Albérti, Epíscopi Leodiénsis et Mártyris; qui pro tuénda ecclesiástica libertáte necátus est. At Rheims, St. Albert, bishop of Liege and martyr, who was put to death for defending the liberty of the Church.
Apud Ostia Tiberína natális sanctórum Mártyrum Demétrii et Honórii. At Ostia, the holy martyrs Demetrius and Honorius.
In Hispánia sanctórum Mártyrum Honórii, Eutychii et Stéphani. In Spain, the holy martyrs Honorius, Eutychius, and Stephen.
In Pamphylia sancti Heliodóri Mártyris, in persecutióne Aureliáni, sub Aétio Præside. Post eum vero ipsi tortóres, convérsi ad fidem, in mare demérsi sunt. In Pamphylia, St. Heliodorus, martyr, in the persecution of Aurelian under the governor Aetius. After his death his executioners were converted to the faith and were cast into the sea.
Romæ sancti Gelásii Papæ Primi, doctrína et sanctitáte conspícui. At Rome, Pope St. Gelasius, distinguished for learning and sanctity.
Verónæ sancti Mauri, Epíscopi et Confessóris. At Verona, St. Maur, bishop and confessor.
In monastério Bobiénsi deposítio sancti Columbáni Abbátis, qui, multórum cœnobiórum Fundátor, plurimórum Monachórum éxstitit Pater, multísque virtútibus clarus, in senectúte bona quiévit. In the monastery of Bobbio, the death of St. Columban, abbot who founded many monasteries and governed a large number of monks. He died at an advanced age, celebrated for many virtues.
Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
R. Deo grátias.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
R. Thanks be to God.
Butler’s Lives of the Saints:
|The Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary|
|St. Columban of Ireland, Abbot and Confessor|
|St. Gelasius, Pope and Confessor|
Nota Bene: Ref The Presentation of the BVM
The feast originated as a result of the dedication of the Basilica of Saint Mary the New, built in 543 by the Byzantines under Emperor Justinian I near the site of the ruined Temple in Jerusalem. This basilica was destroyed by the Sassanid Persians under Khosrau II after the Siege of Jerusalem (614). The first documented celebration of the feast in any calendar is the mention of the Εἴσοδος τῆς Παναγίας Θεοτόκου (Entry of the All-Holy Theotokos, i.e., into the Temple) in the Menologion of Basil II, an 11th-century menology of the Eastern Roman (also known as Byzantine) emperor Basil II.
The feast continued to be celebrated throughout the East, was celebrated in the monasteries of Southern Italy by the ninth century, and was introduced into the Papal Chapel in Avignon in 1372 by decree of Pope Gregory XI. The feast was included in the Roman Missal in 1472, but was suppressed by Pope Pius V in 1568. As a result, it did not appear in the Tridentine Calendar [of 1570]. Pope Sixtus V reintroduced it into the Roman Calendar in 1585. Pope Clement VIII made this feast a greater double in 1597. The feast also continued as a memorial in the Roman Calendar of 1969.